SUPER BOWL是NFL美国职业橄榄球大联盟的年度冠军赛，胜者被称为“世界冠军”。Bowl的含义不只是碗，所以翻译成“超级碗”不贴切。Bowl意指大型体育馆，或者季后赛。SUPER BOWL一般在每年1月最后一个或2月第一个星期天举行，那一天称为超级碗星期天（Super Bowl Sunday）。超级碗是比赛的名称，其奖杯名称为文斯·隆巴迪杯（Vince Lombardi Trophy）。参与球队为该球季的美国橄榄球联合会冠军以及国家橄榄球联合会冠军。超级碗多年来都是全美收视率最高的电视节目，并逐渐成为一个非官方的全国性节日。另外，超级碗星期天是美国单日食品消耗量第二高的日子，仅次于感恩节。
第一届超级碗，旧称AFL-NFL 世界冠军赛（AFL-NFL World Championship Game），于1967年1月15日举行，由NFL冠军与竞争对手美国美式足球联盟（American Football League，AFL）冠军来争夺“职业美式足球世界冠军”（World Championship of Professional Football）。在两个联盟于1970年合并为美国联会（AFC）和国家联会（NFC）后超级碗成为了NFL的冠军赛。比赛时间在一月中下旬及二月初，但后来比赛都在二月初的第一个星期日进行比赛。超级碗的届别是以罗马数字命名，例如1967年的第一届超级碗，原名是Super Bowl I，而1968年举行的超级碗是Super Bowl II，如此类推。
The Super Bowl is the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL).The game was created as part of a merger agreement between the NFL and its then-rival league, the American Football League (AFL). It was agreed that the two leagues' champion teams would play in the AFL–NFL World Championship Game until the merger was to officially begin in 1970. After the merger, each league was redesignated as a "conference", and the game has since been played between the conference champions to determine the NFL's league champion. Currently, the National Football Conference (NFC) leads the league with 27 wins to 25 wins for the American Football Conference (AFC). The Pittsburgh Steelers have the most Super Bowl championship titles, with six. The New England Patriots have the most Super Bowl appearances, with ten. Charles Haley and Tom Brady both have five Super Bowl rings, which is the record for the most rings won by a single player.
The day on which the Super Bowl is played, now considered by some as an unofficial American national holiday, is called "Super Bowl Sunday". It is the second-largest day for U.S. food consumption, after Thanksgiving Day. In addition, the Super Bowl has frequently been the most-watched American television broadcast of the year; the seven most-watched broadcasts in U.S. television history are Super Bowls. In 2015, Super Bowl XLIX became the most-watched American television program in history with an average audience of 114.4 million viewers, the fifth time in six years the game had set a record, starting with the 2010 Super Bowl, which itself had taken over the number-one spot held for 27 years by the final episode of M*A*S*H. The Super Bowl is also among the most-watched sporting events in the world, almost all audiences being North American, and is second to soccer's UEFA Champions League final as the most watched annual sporting event worldwide.